สวัสดีค่ะ น้องๆทุกคน วันนี้พี่นำตัวอย่างงานเขียนบบรรยายกราฟของเพื่อนๆ จากหนังสือ Cambridge IELTS 9 Task 1 Test 4 มาฝากกันนะคะ ลองมาดูวิธีการ Implement กราฟจากเพื่อนของเรา แล้วคราวหน้าเราจะกลับมาเฉลยพร้อมๆกันค่ะ
The line graph illustrates the data of energy usage in the USA since 1980 to a prediction in 2030.
Petrol and oil are the dominant fuel source in this period. In 1980,they started with 35 quadrillion units (q). After that, the amount of petrol and oil fluctuated until 2012. Then, there will climb moderately to reach 45 quadrillion units in 2030.
Consumption of coal and natural gas is similar over this period. In 1980, the two fuels were consumed at 16q and 20q respectively. Before reaching to equal consumption at around 28q in 2013, there was an increase with fluctuation between 1980 and 2013. Finally, coal consumption will steadily go up to approximately 30q, whereas natural gas consumption will to remain stable at roughly 23q.
Regarding to alternative power, consumption of nuclear, solar/wind, and hydropower started at 4q in 1980. Nuclear and solar/wind have slightlygrew in this period. However, hydropower has marginally fallen over this period.
Overall, the USA continues to use fossil fuels heavily, yet renewable energy seem to become insignificant over this period.
ก่อนน้องๆจะเริ่มเขียนกราฟในหัวข้อนี้ พี่มีคำแนะนำดีๆจากอาจารย์สอน IELTS มาฝากนะคะ
เทคนิคการเขียนอธิบายกราฟจาก IELTS Teacher
- The first thing you should write is either The graph/chart shows information about… OR The graph/chart illustrates data about… It is up to you which of these you use, they are both good (I prefer the second as it sounds more academic!)
- Next, highlight the key words in the question and find out what it is the graph is describing (e.g. energy consumption, meat production, televisions sold, jobs lost).
- After that, separate the key words to create a past passive structure (e.g. energy consumption = energy was consumed, meat production = meat was produced, televisions sold = televisions were sold, jobs lost = jobs were lost) IMPORTANT: You will not always need to use a passive structure. Make sure you are comfortable with when and how to use passive structures before the exam.
- Finally, rewrite the information in the question using how much (for uncountable nouns e.g. meat – how much meat was produced) or how many (for countable nouns e.g. people – how many people visited)…. OR…. the amount of (for uncountable nouns) or the number of (for countable nouns). Here, you should choose the phrase that is NOT used in the description. IMPORTANT: for the phrases the amount of and the number of you should follow these with an appropriate relative pronoun. The number of people who visited Denmark, The amount of meat which was produced. Finish with over a __-year period between ___ and ___ (as per the dates in the question).
แล้วคราวหน้าพี่จะกลับมาเฉลยจุดผิดพลาดพร้อมทั้งวิธีการแก้ไขจาก IELTS Examiner กันค่ะ
IELTS Institute Team